The development of a scar has a lot to do with the way it is handled and cared for during the days of its healing process.
Our skin goes through three stages of reparation before a scar is formed.
First, the wound is inflamed, red and sensitive/sore to touch. It can be quite tender during this stage as the scab begins to form.
Second stage is when new tissue begins to develop underneath the scab on the surface.
The third and final stage is the skin rebuilding the inner and outer layers.
Everything that you do during these three stages affects the way in which, and extent to which, a scar will form.
Allow it to breathe:
In order to heal, a wound needs to be able to breathe. Keeping it enclosed in bandages is not always the best idea. Furthermore, some creams and oils, including vitamin E products, can clog the area and impede the healing process.
A light bandage is all that is necessary and should not block the wound from air.
Exposing a scab to water for any prolonged period of time allows it to go soggy. This soften of the scab interrupts to formation of new tissue. Keep wounds away from water or getting wet as much as possible.
Keep it hydrated:
If your wound is dry or itchy, apply a very lightweight layer of moisturiser or serum. Those which are packed with anti-oxidants are best as they also speed up the healing process.
The wound heals best when kept moist, not wet, and dryness can lead to scarring.
Avoid the sun:
Sun exposure can actually worsen the scarring of a wound. Rather than clogging up the area with sunscreen though, and possibly irritating it further, it’s safer to avoid the sun as much as possible. Cover up or opt for shade to give your body the best opportunity to heal correctly.
Do not pick:
No matter how irritated, itchy or just plain tempting it might seem, if you meddle with or alter a scab, you are severely impairing a wound’s healing process. Furthermore, it can worsen any scarring that might have occurred in the first place. Allow the scab to form and leave it to fall off on its own accord; that is the sign of a wound healing in completion.